Online First Aid Course

Our CPR/AED courses include Adult, Child and Infant techniques. Additionally, our CPR certification course includes training on the use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED). The CPR/AED certification is valid for 2 years.

Chapter 23: Muscle, Bone and Joint Emergencies

Defined :

This emergency occurs when a muscle, bone or joint moves in a direction that it is not supposed to go. This movement can lead to broken bones, sprains, fractures and other injuries.

Causes :

Falling, tripping
Motor vehicle accidents
Running, walking, exercise
Sports, physical activity
Sudden impact

Signs and Symptoms :

Bruising and swelling
Bone fragment(s) sticking out
Coldness, numbness
Discoloration (blue)
Inability to use the affected part normally
Snapping or popping sound at time of injury

Common Emergency Example(s) :
Fracture / Broken Bone :

A fracture is a complete break, a chip or a crack in the bone. An open fracture involves an open wound, and is when a bone end tears through the skin. An open fracture is more dangerous and severe. However, a closed fracture is more common.

First Aid Fracture Broken Bone
Dislocation :

A dislocation is the movement of a bone at a joint from its normal position. When the bone is moved out of place, the joint no longer functions. Usually dislocations happen at the shoulder, elbow, wrist, jaw and hip.

Sprain / Strain :

A sprain is the tearing of the ligaments at a joint. Sprains mostly occur at the ankle, knee, wrist and fingers. A strain is the stretching and tearing of a muscle. They usually occur in the neck, back, thigh, or the back of the lower leg.

Use RICE method when dealing with a sprain or strain:

First Aid Sprain Strain